The need to protect the public health from the cancers, genetic defects associated with exposure to ionizing radiation using best science mandates improving current radiation standards. Historically, the EPA’s Office of Radiation and Indoor Air (ORIA)in collaboration with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Department of Energy has requested , funded and sponsored the National Academy of Science’s (NAS) National Research Council’s “BEIR” reports which studies and reports the current state of scientific knowledge on the effects of low-dose ionizing radiation. In 2005, the Academy found that low-dose radiation is about one third more dangerous than assumed by current EPA standards in causing cancer. Similar scientific studies after this latest report confirmed that radiation is considerably more dangerous than currently presumed which suggest upgrading radiation risk estimates in order to strengthen public protection. Best science today tells us we should be tightening protection against radiation. The industry will never volunteer to do that as it will cost them money. The nuclear industry needs mandates. Just like Wall Street.